Agriculture

Despite the importance of agriculture to the economy of the area many farmers still carry out subsistence farming. Mix cropping is very common here as farmers seek to maximize land use. Farm sizes are generally small and 37% of the population farm less than 3 hectares. The farms are usually made up of two to three small plots located in different places.

There is little use of inputs like fertilizers and pesticides, and production and productivity are low. Cash crop production is limited to Arabica coffee, with the beans produced of low quality, resulting in very low prices. The statistics for agricultural production are unreliable and need to be improved upon. Common problems include: poor soils, inaccessibility to modern farm inputs, frequent destruction of crops by domestic animals, cropper-herder conflicts, unorganized markets, impassable farm-to-market roads, extremely low farmers income, etc.

Agricultural activities

Agricultural extension has problems with personnel, logistics and lack of chemicals for treating maize and beans which are commonly attacked by weevils. Atellic 50 EC recommended is expensive and unaffordable by farmers. The few farmers who can afford it find it difficult to shell all their corn at once and treat, because they are used to shelling in bits from the “Banda” according to their home needs. Four agricultural posts exist with staff in Nkor, Lassin, and Bamti, while those in Djottin and Ngeptang are not staffed.

Livestock, fisheries and animal husbandry

Cattle, goat, sheep and pig productions are prominent in the council area, whereas transhumance activities are more felt in the Lower Noni areas such as Chaw and Ekoweh, but for cropper-herder problems. The Council has accepted to apportion areas for transhumance. Cattle production ranks highest in Nkor, followed by Din and Mbinon. It was observed that sheep and goat production increased by 71.8% while cattle production had an insignificant increase. Poultry production, especially of local birds, increased by 13.2%.

Generally, all livestock registered an increase in production, except for rabbit production that dropped by 15%. On the other hand, cattle on transhumance did not register any change. The figures provided for the livestock (cattle not included) situation of the municipality only pertained to the Lassin Zootechnical and Veterinary Center.